Stages of history

Friday, 21 August 2015


Historical study usually focuses on events and developments that occur specifically blocks of your time. Historians offer these periods of your time names so as to permit "organising concepts and grouping generalisations" to be employed by historians.The names given to a amount will vary with geographical location, as will the dates of the beginning and finish of a selected amount. Centuries and decades square measure usually used periods and also the time they represent depends on the geological dating system used. Most periods square measure made retrospectively so mirror worth judgments created concerning the past. The manner periods square measure made and also the names given to them will have an effect on the manner they're viewed and studied.

Prehistoric periodisation

The field of history usually leaves period of time to the archaeologists, United Nations agency have entirely totally different sets of tools and theories. the same old technique for periodisation of the distant prehistoric past, in archaeology is to consider changes in material culture and technology, like the period, Bronze Age and Iron Age and their sub-divisions conjointly supported totally different varieties of material remains. Despite the event over recent decades of the power through geological dating and different scientific strategies to offer actual dates for several sites or artefacts, these long-established schemes appear doubtless to stay in use. In several cases neighboring cultures with writing have left some history of cultures while not it, which can be used.

Stages of history

Main article: Marx's theory of history § The stages of history
The Marxian theory of history identifies 5 stages of history:

Primitive communism

The First Stage:
  is typically known as primitive communism. it's the subsequent characteristics.

Shared property: there's no thought of possession on the far side individual possessions. All is shared by the tribe to make sure its survival.[citation needed]

Hunting and gathering: social group societies have however to develop giant scale agriculture so their survival may be a daily struggle.[citation needed]

Proto-democracy: there's sometimes no thought of "leadership" however. thus tribes square measure crystal rectifier by the simplest individual if there's war, the simplest diplomat if they need steady contact with different tribes so forth.

Slave society

The Second Stage: could also be known as slave society, thought of to be the start of "class society" wherever personal estate seems.

Class: here the thought of sophistication seems. there's continually a slave-owning upper class and therefore the slaves themselves.

Statism: the state develops throughout this stage as a tool for the slave-owners to use and management the slaves.

Agriculture: folks learn to cultivate plants and animals on {a giant|an outsized|an oversized} enough scale to support large populations.

Democracy and authoritarianism: these opposites develop at a similar stage. Democracy arises 1st with the event of the republican city-state, followed by the totalitarian empire.
Private property: voters currently own over belongings. Land possession is particularly vital throughout a time of agricultural development.


The Third Stage: could also be known as feudalism; it seems when slave society collapses. This was most evident throughout the ecu Middle Ages once society went from slavery to social system.

Aristocracy: the state is dominated by monarchs UN agency inherit their positions, or sometimes marry or conquer their ways that into leadership.

Theocracy: this is often a time of for the most part non secular rule. once there's only 1 faith within the land and its organizations have an effect on all elements of lifestyle.

Hereditary categoryes: castes will generally kind and one's class is set at birth with no type of advancement. This was the case with Bharat.

Nation-state: nations square measure fashioned from the remnants of the fallen empires. generally to construct themselves into empires another time. like England's transition from a province to AN empire.



Post a Comment